Reinoud Leenders is a professor in Comparative Politics at the University of Amsterdam. His main focus is related to Middle East politics, the political economy of war and post-war reconstruction, political corruption and development, transnational criminal networks, and international conflict management and resolution. After graduating from Free University in Amsterdam in 1993, Mr. Leenders continued his studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS, 1994-1995) where he majored in Economics of Development with specialization in the Middle East and North Africa. He obtained his PhD at SOAS in 2004 in Political Science; he wrote his dissertation on the Politics of Corruption in Post-War Lebanon. Mr. Leenders has previously worked as a full-time analyst based in Beirout for the International Crisis Group between 2002 and 2005, specializing in Lebanese, Syrian and Iraqi political affairs.